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Why do we need to measure BTU? 

FLARES?

Whats new? On December 2, 2023, during the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP28), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) unveiled a conclusive Clean Air Act (Act) regulation aimed at diminishing methane and other pollutant emissions originating from activities within the oil and natural gas industry. This regulation incorporates New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) to curtail methane and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from newly established, modified, and reconstructed sources (40 C.F.R. Part 60, Subpart OOOOb). Additionally, it introduces emissions guidelines (EG) for the first time, offering directives to states in formulating plans to address the methane emissions of existing sources (40 C.F.R. Part 60, Subpart OOOOc).

Pipelines?

In the evolving landscape of natural gas transactions, a prevailing trend has been evident since the early 1980s, not only in the United States but also across the global stage. This trend involves the common practice of buying and selling natural gas commodities contingent on the amount of energy delivered. This distinctive approach to natural gas trade is intricately tied to the calculation of the delivered energy, a process achieved by multiplying the volume of gas per unit of time by the heating value (BTU) per unit of volume.

This widespread methodology has become a hallmark in the realm of energy commerce, underscoring the importance of assessing and quantifying the energy content of natural gas in transactions. The emphasis on the heating value per unit volume, expressed in BTUs, adds a layer of precision and standardization to these exchanges, enabling stakeholders to navigate the complexities of the natural gas market with a shared understanding of the energy value inherent in the traded volumes. This nuanced approach reflects the industry's commitment to efficiency, accuracy, and a common metric that transcends geographical boundaries in the buying and selling of this essential energy resource.

 

Power Plants:

In today's power generation industry, the importance of measuring fuel gas quality has surged. The growing variability in fuel gas composition poses a significant threat to stable energy production, leading to increased maintenance costs and the risk of contractual penalties for non-compliance.

Efficient and reliable power generation hinges on meticulous control of fuel gas quality. The dynamic nature of fuel gas composition introduces complexity, requiring careful management to avoid disruptions and elevated maintenance expenses. Additionally, contractual obligations stipulate specific performance parameters, and deviations may result in penalties and legal consequences.

To address these challenges, the industry is prioritizing robust fuel gas quality measurement and control systems. Utilizing advanced technologies for real-time monitoring and adjustments enables operators to proactively manage variations in fuel gas composition. This strategic approach aims to enhance operational resilience, reduce maintenance costs, and ensure compliance with contractual commitments, ultimately sustaining consistent and reliable energy output amidst evolving fuel characteristics.

Smoking Flare
Combustion running lean fuel (oxidizing)
Power Distribution.

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